WHAT IS A COOKIE?
Cookies are small text files sent from the site to the user’s terminal (usually the browser), where they are stored before being re-transmitted to the site on the next visit by the same user. A cookie cannot retrieve any other data from the user’s hard drive or transmit computer viruses or acquire email addresses. Each cookie is unique to the user’s web browser. Some of the functions of cookies can be delegated to other technologies. In this document, the term ‘cookie’ refers both to cookies, properly so-called, and to all similar technologies. By means of cookies it is possible to record information relating to your preferences, such as the pages you navigate or the download of files from our website. site or other similar actions performed by browsing our site.
FIRST OR THIRD PARTY COOKIES
Cookies can be of first or third party, where “first party” means cookies developed by the owner of the site itself, while “third party” means cookies are developed by parties other then the site owner.
NATURE OF COOKIES
With regard to the nature of cookies, there are several types: Technical cookies, Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of “carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or to the extent strictly necessary for the company’s service provider information explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide this service” (cf. art. 122, paragraph 1, of the Code). They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or manager of the website. They can be divided into :
- Navigation or session cookies, which guarantee normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate to access restricted areas); they are in fact necessary for the correct functioning of the site;
- analytics cookies, similar to technical cookies when used directly by the site manager to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site, in order to improve site performance;
- Functionality cookies, which allow the user to navigate according to a series of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service rendered to the same. For the installation of these cookies, the prior consent of the users is not required (more information in the Cookie management paragraph below).
Profiling cookies. Profiling cookies are designed to create user profiles and are used to send advertising messages in line with the preferences shown by the user while surfing the net. For the use of profiling cookies, the consent of the interested party is required. According to the measure n. 229 of 8 May 2014, the user must be able to authorize or deny consent to the installation of profiling cookies if they are present. In case of third-party cookies, the site does not have direct control of individual cookies and cannot control them (it can neither install them directly nor delete them). You can still manage these cookies through your browser settings (follow the instructions below), or the sites indicated in the “Manage cookies” section. You will find more information about cookies at allaboutcookies.org and youronlinechoices.eu.
DURATION OF COOKIES
Cookies have a duration dictated by the expiration date (or by a specific action such as closing the browser) set at the time of installation. Cookies can be:
- Temporary or session (session cookies): they are used to store temporary information, allowing you to connect the actions performed during a specific session and are removed from the computer when closing the Browsers;
- permanent (persistent cookies): they are used to store information, such as the login name and password, in order to avoid the user having to enter them again each time he visits a specific site. These remain stored on the computer even after closing the browser.
The so-called session cookies, once the connection to this website is over , are not stored. The computer systems used for this site use temporary cookies and permanent cookies.
You can disable cookies on websites by downloading special softwares such as Ghostery (https://www.ghostery.com) for your browser and disabling the use of individual cookies. Or you can activate the “anonymous browsing” mode – this is a function that allows you to browse without leaving a trace of browsing data in the browser. This function only allows you not to keep navigation data in the browser. Alternatively, you can disable/delete cookies by accessing your browser’s configuration panel.
ACCEPTANCE AND WAIVER OF COOKIES